Perspectives from 1968

In our fight for Critical Race and Ethnic Studies, we of course have to be aware of the origins of this particular fight, and other struggles on this campus in the past.

Below, a few newspaper clippings from 1968-69 reveal a few of the responses to the Black Liberation Movement’s proposal to make the seventh college at UCSC a black college, Malcolm X College.

(note: if the images are too small, click to zoom in. Transcripts are available, click here.)

Please click to view larger

Image: a newspaper clipping from 1968, with the title "Black College Proponents Ask Public Learn About Malcolm X"

After Bill Moore’s proposal, a politician campaigning for Senate, Max Rafferty, claimed “Only a racist would support such a thing.”

please click on image to zoom in

Image: a newspaper clipping with title "Rafferty Opposes Black College At UCSC"

The San Francisco chronicle followed up on the situation with a clear attempt to portray Moore as irrational, or as an “angry black man.” (Note: these two images are the same article, read down the left column then up to the top portion)

click on image to zoom in

Image: a newspaper clipping from 1968 titled "Black College Backer Answers Critics"

click to zoom in

Image: a newspaper clipping continuing article "Black College Backer Answers Critics"

In the last article, the San Francisco Chronicle reports on various weak efforts by the UCSC administration to respond to the proposal, revealing in the process that “there is now only one course in the four existing colleges “which could be said to be clearly “Afro – American Studies.”” 

click to zoom in

Image: a newspaper clipping from 1969 titled "Minority Studies At Santa Cruz"

“In addition,” the Senate warned,  “we feel it is imperative that we avoid the panic with which some institutions have reacted to (such) requests or demands…”

That “panic” was happening simultaneously at UC Berkeley as the Third World Liberation Front entered into its eighth day on strike for an autonomous Third World College!

Thanks to M for allowing us to use these clippings that he took the time to research at the Santa Cruz Public Library, where these records are available to the public.



About UCSC Critical Race and Ethnic Studies (CRES)

This blog is maintained by students throughout UCSC. We recognize that students have been working around Ethnic Studies for multiple decades and at many levels of the university. We claim no ownership over any movement or material that is produced. We ask that any materiel used from the blog is cited and used for only educational purposes. Most importantly that it is done with honor and respect for the many people who worked in the struggle for Ethnic Studies. We would also like to point out that the name Critical Race and Ethnic Studies (CRES) was created to acknowledge the intellectual development of Ethnic Studies since the beginning of this struggle. The name came from countless meetings and hours with many different undergrads, graduate students, and faculty.
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